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%0 Journal Article
%@ 0340-5443
%A van Noordwijk, M A
%A Arora, N
%A Willems, E P
%A Dunkel, L P
%A Amda, R N
%A Mardianah, N
%A Ackermann, C
%A Krützen, M
%A van Schaik, C P
%D 2012
%F zora:61357
%I Springer
%J Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
%N 6
%P 823-834
%T Female philopatry and its social benefits among Bornean orangutans
%V 66
%X Female philopatry in mammals is generally associated with ecological and sometimes social benefits, and often with dispersal by males. Previous studies on dispersal patterns of orangutans, largely non-gregarious Asian great apes, have yielded conflicting results. Based on 7 years of observational data and mitochondrial and nuclear DNA analyses on fecal samples of 41 adult Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) from the Tuanan population, we provide both genetic and behavioral evidence for male dispersal and female philopatry. Although maternally related adult female dyads showed similar home-range overlap as unrelated dyads, females spent much more time in association with known maternal relatives than with other females. While in association, offspring of maternally related females frequently engaged in social play, whereas mothers actively prevented this during encounters with unrelated mothers, suggesting that unrelated females may pose a threat to infants. Having trustworthy neighbors may therefore be a social benefit of philopatry that may be common among solitary mammals, thus reinforcing female philopatric tendencies in such species. The results also illustrate the diversity in dispersal patterns found within the great-ape lineage.
%Z The original publication is available at